Actively lobbying on and passing numerous policies including: Establishment of NACONEK, Amendment to regulation of Equalization Fund, Mining Bill, Forest Bill, Water Bill, Veterinary surgeon amendment bill, Police Amendment Act and establishment of the Directorate of Kenya Police Reserve, wildlife and conservation Act 2013, Petroleum Exploration and Development Bill – that was passed but The President refused to assent.
- County budget allocations, NDMA Act, the ASAL policy, livestock legislation.
- Constitutional watch strategy to track pro-pastoralist national policies and bills, motions, petitions in the parliament and raise awareness among its members.
- Ensuring the operationalization of the Equalization Fund, through engagement with National Treasury, the office of the President, the Parliamentary budget committee as well as legal action against the state in 2015, which was paused after HE President Uhuru Kenyatta launched the fund at the PLS conference in 2016.
- Partnerships with a range of actors to promote evidence-based policy analysis e.g. CORDAID, DLCI, IIED, SDC, Oxfam, IGAD and the African Union; PPG Secretariat organized and hosts the pastoralist advocacy network and the Kenya ASAL Advocacy Group (KAAG) to bring together CSOs on advocacy issues for the ASALs and is supporting the Ending Drought Emergencies initiative.
- The registration of the Pastoralist Parliamentary Foundation (PPF) under the Societies Act n order to receive and disburse contributions and have a legal identity. The 11th Parliament developed and updated its Strategic Plan and developed coherent fundraising and communication strategy, gender strategy and developed a number of communication materials and communication mechanisms.
During the 11th Parliament (2013-17):
PPG developed its first strategic plan, established a Secretariat with Executive Officer and administrative support staff. PPG members agreed to pay membership contributions to ensure sustainability of the PPG Secretariat but the automated collection was not operationalized.
- The PPG created a new apex structure in light of devolution-the Pastoralist Leadership Summit-PLS which has organized at least three annual conferences that bought together the pastoralist leadership from both the national parliament and county governments from the 15 pastoralist counties. The Summit elected its first President Senator Billow Kerrow, Mandera County and established the PLS executive committee from the different levels of leadership to spearhead the collaboration.
- The Pastoralist Leadership Forum (PLF) orientation workshop was held in 2013 in Mombasa and first PLS conference in February 2015 in Narok County, attended by 67 members. The conference was presided over by the Deputy President accompanied by the Cabinet Secretary for the Interior the late RT. General Hon. Joseph Nksaisery (who was a former chair of the PPG) where a number of resolutions were made; PPG members made commitment to ending inter-community pastoralists conflicts and to resolve all outstanding peace and security issues in the pastoralists areas, agreed to develop a code of conduct for its members and a mechanism of annual peer review of the peace and conflict resolution progress. The Deputy President pledge full support for the forum. It was at this first conference the forum name was changed to the Pastoralist Leadership Summit.
- The second PLS conference was held in March 2016 in Isiolo County, attended over 70 members of the Summit. The President of the Republic of Kenya, His Excellency, Uhuru Kenyatta and his Deputy attended the conference and six Cabinet Secretaries and seven Principal Secretaries, Chairpersons and Managing Directors of five Regional Development Authorities operating in the Pastoralists Counties. Equalization Fund was launched and the decision was made to create political parties that will champion issues of the pastoralists in Kenya at this conference.
- The major achievement of 11th Parliament was that it mobilized its collective strength to support, sponsor and passed various national policies and legislation that included a constitutional amendment bill on the regulation of the equalization fund, and the NDMA Act. The PPG actively lobbied for the establishment of ASAL transformative institutions, e.g. National Council on Nomadic Education (NACONEK) and Kenya Livestock Marketing Board, the National Drought Contingency Fund and the Ending Drought Emergencies Initiative. PPG also actively participated and engaged in moving amendments on various bills that included the community land bill, forest bill, energy bill, natural resource sharing bill, and mining bill etc.
During the 10th Parliament (2008-13):
PPG members promoted the creation of new Ministry of State for Development of Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands. PPG also pushed for approved of the Sessional Paper No. 8 of 2012 on the National Policy for the Sustainable Development of Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands (the ‘ASAL Policy’), this policy paper required that the state should make specific and appropriate provision for pastoralist people in a range of areas.
During the 9th Parliament (2003-07):
PPG participated actively in the constitutional review process at Bomas of Kenya. PPG members worked hard to ensure that the new Constitution formally recognize the pastoralist people as marginalized communities in Kenya and puts some affirmative measures to address the issue of marginalization, this includes clause 204; the Equalization Fund and other obligations for affirmative action (such as Article 56 on minorities and marginalized groups).
The Bill of Rights elaborates the rights and freedoms to which pastoralists are entitled, in common with all other citizens. And by introducing devolved governance, the Constitution expands the space for regions historically marginalized within the nation to shape their future in ways their people think best.
During the 8th Parliament (1998-2002):
PPG took action on issues such as conflict and education and helped prepare the ground for strong pastoralist voice into the consultation reform process especially around the formulation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP).
the 11th Parliament
Challenges during the 11th parliament
- Increasing insecurity in the pastoralist counties that engaged the PPG members’ (West Pokot, Turkana, Isiolo, Mandera, Garissa, Laikipia, and Marsabit). The first strategic objective of PPG strategic plan was deducted to this challenge with the strategic objective of elimination of the inter-community conflict in the Pastoralists areas.
- The PPG has limited operational capacity: it has few human or sustainable financial resources, and its structures (such as the Pastoralist Leadership Summit and thematic sub-committees) are either not fully formed or enabling achievement of its objectives. Despite its numbers in Parliament, it is not yet using its collective strength effectively in coordinated and strategically in the country and national politics. PPG leans towards Adhoc approaches and most often take reactive style to a range of the pastoralist issues rather than engage with the state in more structured, organized, strategically collective way on issues that affect its constituency and membership.
- Competing interests and inadequate mechanisms for managing various competing commitments of its membership that is propelled by local interests/politics and difference in the county executives visa parliamentary mandates. The role of parliamentarian (MPs/Senate) is legislation, oversight, and representation, Governors believe the senators are targeting them when they contribute to the national debate on corruption, orders of the state officers and matters of state officers accountabilities.
- Limited time for building collaboration and common ground. There are great opportunities in PPG for raising the voices on the pastoralist being heard loudly at the national policy and political discourses. A lot of pastoralist issues (community land, drought, conflict, extractives, irrigation, and equalization fund) need to be made important national deliberations.
The 12th Parliament: PPG strength and critical issues
The strength of the PPG members has increased in the 12th Parliament to 105 members in the National Assembly, which include 66 elected constituency MPs, (Baringo 6, Garissa 6, Isiolo 2, Kajiado 5, Laikipia 3, Lamu 2, Marsabit, 4, Mandera 6, Narok 6, Samburu 3, Tana River 3, Turkana 6, Wajir 6, West Pokot 4, Elgeyo Marakwet 4), 15 elected County Women Representatives and 15 elected senators. In total there are 27 women representatives in the National Assembly.
The critical agenda is to reformulate the PPG executive and renew its commitments, particularly:
- Ensuring proper use and impact of the Equalization Fund.
- Promote the rollout of the Community Land Act of 2016.
- Promote the implementation of the National Livestock Marketing Policy and the establishment of the Livestock Marketing Board, the Kenya Livestock Identification and Traceability Policy and the Livestock Insurance Policy and National Veterinary Policy
- Promote better benefit sharing from natural resources for pastoral communities.
- Strengthen the National Council for Nomadic Education (NACONEK).